The nest is constructed completely by the female, and usually is completed within one week. Males accompany the female however, he is not a part of the construction.  The nest is tidy and compact and is usually situated several meters above the ground, concealed by the leaves that are tucked away in the twigs at the bottom of a swaying tree.
It is made out of lichens and mosses, and is lined with plant down , such as those from thistles. The nest is affixed to the twigs of the tree by spider silk. A large cup helps prevent the loss of eggs in stormy weather.[24Starting few days following the nest has been built The eggs hatch in the early morning , at regular intervals.
[22The clutch comprises typically 4-6 eggsthat are light brown with reddish speckles.[23 The eggs have a smooth, flat surface and are glossy.[22The size of the eggs is 17.3 millimeters and 13.0 millimeters (0.68 in 0.51 in) 0.51 in) with a weight of 1.53 grams (0.054 oz).[22 The eggs are laid during 11-13 days, by the female which receives food from the male. They are fed daily by their parents. At first, they are fed a mix of insects and seeds
The European goldfinch’s favorite food source is small seeds , such as those found in thesetles (the Latin name is taken from the genus Carduus the species that includes thistles) along with teasels However, insects can also be found feeding young. They also frequently visit bird feeders during winter. In winter months, European goldfinches gather to form a flock of 40 to 40 birds, sometimes even. birds facts
European goldfinches can be found in backyard gardens in Europe as well as North America by birdfeeders containing the niger (commercially known as Nyjer) seeds. The seeds of an annual that comes that comes from Africa is tiny, and is high in oil. Particular plastic feeders that have small oval slits that are where the European goldfinches feed can be utilized.
European goldfinches are often kept and breed in captivity all over the globe due to their unique appearance and appealing song. If European goldfinches are kept in cages with the domestic canaries They tend to stop singing their own song and prefer to sing one of their cagemates’ music. This is considered to be undesirable since it ruins the attraction in keeping European goldfinches.
It was in Great Britain during the 19th century, thousands of European goldfinches were captured every year and sold for caged birds. One of the first initiatives that was undertaken by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds was directed at this trade.[26Conservation efforts for wildlife to reduce bird trapping as well as the destruction of open spaces habitats of European goldfinches.
Christian symbolism editChristian symbolism
Due to the thistle seeds it consumes as a symbol of Christian symbolism, the European goldfinch is linked to Christ’s Christ’s Passion as well as the crown of thorns. It is believed that the European goldfinch, which is featured in images depicting Christ, the Madonna and the Christ baby is a symbol of the foreknowledge Jesus and Mary were aware of the Crucifixion.
Some examples of this include Madonna del cardellino or Madonna of the Goldfinch depicted by Italian Renaissance artist Raphael in around 1505-6. In it, John the Baptist gives the European goldfinch Christ as a warning for his future. The painting Barocci’s Holy Family painting, a European goldfinch is placed in the hands of John the Baptist and he holds it away from the curious pet.
in Cima da Conegliano’s Madonna and Child in the Madonna and Child, a European goldfinch dances in the hands of Christ child. It is also a symbol of fruitfulness, endurance and endurance. Because it symbolises the Passion of Christ, this European goldfinch is thought to be an “saviour” bird and may be associated alongside that of the housefly (which symbolizes sin and disease).[30 This European goldfinch has also been connected to Saint Jerome and is seen in various images of him.
Artistic representations Depictions in art
Antonio Vivaldi composed a Concerto in D major for Flute “Il Gardellino” (RV 428, Op. 10 No. 3) in which the vocals of an European goldfinch is imitated with flute. A fictitious Italian Neapolitan poem called Il Cardellino was set in the hands of Saverio Mercadante, and performed by Jose Carreras.
European goldfinches with the “wanton freak” and “yellow flutterings” are among the numerous naturally occurring “luxuries” that delight the writer of John Keats”I stood on my tip-toes over a small hill.